Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye-related condition that occurs when the macula, the light-sensitive tissue located at the back of the eye, gets damaged. As a result, central vision becomes blurred or distorted while peripheral remains intact. AMD is among the leading causes of vision loss among adults, and while it doesn’t cause complete blindness, the loss of central vision makes it difficult for an individual to recognize faces or perform daily tasks.
Opti-Care, your trusted provider of eye exams and dry eye treatments, shares an overview of AMD, including the types, symptoms and treatments.
Wet and Dry AMD
There are two types of AMD: dry and wet. Dry AMD occurs when the macula thins with age, causing the affected eye to lose central vision. Here, the progression of the condition happens at a slower rate. Wet AMD happens when new, abnormal blood vessels start growing under the retina. Scars develop when blood or other fluids leak out of them, resulting in a faster rate of central vision loss.
Symptoms of AMD
AMD is often asymptomatic in the early stages, which is why regular checkups with an eye doctor are critical in detecting the condition before it advances. Once the condition progresses, symptoms include:
- “Fuzzy” or blurred vision
- Wavy or distorted lines or blurry areas on a printed page
- Difficulty reading or seeing details at low light settings
- Light sensitivity
Treatments for AMD
Treatment of AMD depends on the stage and type. Your eye doctor may recommend lifestyle changes such as eating healthy, exercising and quitting smoking. For intermediate and late stages of AMD, treatment includes dietary supplements, drug prescriptions and therapy.
Allow Opti-Care to take care of your eyes! Our optometrist and trained opticians offer a number of eye care services, including prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses, frame repairs and adjustments, LASIK co-management and low vision care. Call (410) 795-8670 or fill out our contact form to request an appointment. We serve Westminster, MD, and nearby areas.