We usually associate the term hypertension with the heart, but did you know that it can also refer to unnatural pressure in the eyes? This is called ocular hypertension. And while it’s not an eye condition in itself, ocular hypertension can indicate that a person has a higher risk of developing glaucoma.
Why Does Ocular Hypertension Occur?
There are many things that can cause excess eye pressure. Overproduction of aqueous humor – the clear, watery fluid behind the eye – is one. It helps maintain eye pressure, but too much of it does the exact opposite and leads to increased eye pressure instead. The same goes for any trauma to the eye. Injuries can disrupt or affect the balance of aqueous humor production, which in turn, results in ocular hypertension.
Who Is at Risk of Ocular Hypertension?
People over the age of 40 have an increased risk of developing ocular hypertension as well as those who regularly take steroid medications, even steroidal eye drops. Those who have an existing eye condition, such as corneal arcus, pigment dispersion syndrome or pseudoexfoliation syndrome, are also at risk. Ocular hypertension has no overt symptoms or side effects. The only accurate way to determine if you have it is to visit a trusted local eye doctor like Opti-Care for a comprehensive eye examination.
When Does Ocular Hypertension Become Serious?
We’ve mentioned that people with unnaturally high eye pressure can become “glaucoma suspect”. Glaucoma is characterized by blurry vision, severe eye pain, nausea and eye redness. Have your eyes checked immediately if you’re experiencing these symptoms.
What Can You Do About Ocular Hypertension?
Depending on the results of your eye exam, your optometrist may prescribe special eye drops to reduce eye pressure. You should also be proactive about living healthier to better head off ocular hypertension. For instance:
- Maintain a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Exercise regularly.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Reduce your caffeine intake.
- Lower your insulin levels by cutting back on sweets.
- Schedule regular eye exams with a top eye doctor like Opti-Care.
Schedule an Eye Exam Today
Aside from vision correction through contacts and eyeglasses, Opti-Care can also manage all your eye health needs. With our safe and quality solutions, we’ll help you achieve a lifetime of clear and healthy vision. You may schedule an appointment by calling us at (410) 795-8670. We remain committed to providing exceptional eye care services in Westminster, MD, and beyond.